Afghanistan
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Afghanistan has suffered from chronic instability and conflict in its modern history from the Cold War to the civil wars between the Mujahedeen and the Taliban. The Taliban was removed from power in 2001 (but still exists) and Afghanistan has had a democratically elected government since 2004. 2016 was marked […]

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Bangladesh
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Though in theory a secular democracy, the government has frequently given into pressure from Islamist parties, and continues to threaten atheists and others on charges of “hurting religious sentiments”. Constitution and government The constitution and other laws and policies provide for freedom of thought, conscience and religion, as well as […]

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Bhutan
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Constitution and government The constitution and other laws and policies guarantee the right to freedom of religion or belief. But the Kingdom of Bhutan officially recognizes only Buddhism and Hinduism, and proclaims Buddhism is the “spiritual heritage” of Bhutan. Furthermore, the government imposes some restrictions on freedom of expression, and […]

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India
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

India is the world’s most populous democracy, religiously pluralistic, and for many years proud, in the main, of its secular constitution. This country is found to be declining. Concerns about freedom of religion or belief and freedom of expression have been rising under the BJP government. Constitution and government India […]

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Iran
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Iran, the second largest nation in the Middle East, has a population of more than 80 million, of which (on paper at least) 99% are identified as Muslim. The Muslim majority includes a Shia majority (90%) and 9% Sunni Muslims (Turkmen, Arabs, Baluchis and Kurds). The remaining 1% of non-Muslim […]

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Maldives
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Though most famous internationally as a popular tourist destination, Maldives has been described as undergoing a battle between liberal and literal interpretations of Islam, with serious human rights violations linked to fundamentalists, and attacks on perceived atheists and homosexuals in recent years. Constitution and government There is not even formal […]

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Nepal
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Prior to a civil war between Maoist rebels and the government in 2006, the country was officially a Hindu state. In 2008, Nepal became a secular democratic republic. The new constitution as of 2015 retains “secularism” but places restrictions on freedom of religion or belief. Constitution and government In 2015, […]

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Pakistan
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Pakistan is approximately 97% Muslim and the remaining 3% are Christian, Hindu, Buddhists or others. The country has suffered chronic sectarian violence against religious and non-religious minorities, with Shia Muslims subjected to the majority of the violence, and many extremely serious incidents against the Christian minority. For individual non-religious persons to […]

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Sri Lanka
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is a country of just over 20 million people occupying an island in the northern Indian Ocean.  Formerly part of the British Empire, “Ceylon” attained independence in 1948, and became a republic in 1972.  There are many ethnic groups on the island and […]

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