Afghanistan
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFAfghanistan has suffered from chronic instability and conflict in its modern history from the Cold War to the civil wars between the Mujahedeen and the Taliban. Most recently, Afghanistan has been the stage of the Afghan War (2001-2014) – fought between a coalition of […]

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Albania
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDF1Albania is a constitutionally secular country, while the religious demographic of the country has a Muslim majority (56.7%) there is also a strong Albanian Orthodox (6.8%) and Roman Catholic (10%) population, according to the 2011 census. The same census data lists 2.5% of the […]

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Algeria
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFAs declared in the constitution, Algeria is a Sunni Islamic State. The Constitution bans non-Muslims from holding high-level government positions. Non-religious groups meet in secret to avoid state persecution and social approbation. Those who “renounce” Islam may be imprisoned, fined, or co-erced to re-convert. […]

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Andorra
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFAndorra is a co-Principality with a democratic parliamentary system. The President of France and the Spanish Bishop of Urgell are co-princes of Andorra, who hold honorary positions as heads of state.1https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17028050 With a population of 78,000,2https://www.estadistica.ad/serveiestudis/web/index.asp?lang=4 Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion in the […]

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Angola
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFAngola was a Portuguese colony before 1975, gaining independence only after a protracted liberation war, which was followed by a bloody civil war. The socialist-inspired national flag features a gear, a star, and a machete, the latter representing both agricultural production and armed struggle. […]

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Antigua and Barbuda
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFAntigua and Barbuda is a multiparty, parliamentary democracy, a former British colony. The government is constitutionally secular; however current government organization and practice illustrates preferential treatment in favour of the Antigua Christian Council. Note: Barbuda, one of the nation’s two main islands and home […]

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Argentina
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFArgentina is a country on the southern cone of South America, which obtained its independence from Spain in 1816. Argentina is a federal republic with an established constitution, an elected two chamber Congress and an elected president acting as head of state. A majority […]

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Armenia
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Republic of Armenia is a democratic sovereign state in western Asia with a population of approximately 3 million people. The Armenian Apostolic Church is the country’s primary religious establishment with 94% of the population as adherents. In 301CE, Armenia was the first country […]

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Australia
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFA continent in itself, Australia is a federal, parliamentary democracy. With a population in excess of 23.6 million, and a total area of 7,692,024 km2, it is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. ContentsConstitution and governmentFavouring ChristianityEducation and children’s rightsFunding […]

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Austria
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFAustria is a democratic Republic with an elected Federal President and a Democratic parliament. In December 2016 presidential elections, a credible challenge by a candidate from the far-right, anti-EU Freedom Party was seen off, with economist Alexander Van der Bellen (independent but supported by The […]

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Azerbaijan
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Republic of Azerbaijan is a contiguous transcontinental presidential republic in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Azerbaijan is a member state of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). The vast majority (around 96%) of the population of […]

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Bahamas
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Commonwealth of The Bahamas is an island country consisting of more than 700 islands, cays, and islets in the Atlantic Ocean. The Bahamas became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1973. It is a constitutional parliamentary democracy. The population is estimated to be 389,482 […]

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Bahrain
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFBahrain has a population of 1.3 million, of which only half are citizens. Citizens belong mostly to Islam (99%), the remaining 1% are Christians, Hindus, Baha’is and Jews. There are no statistics regarding Shia and Sunni representation, however, it can be assumed that Shiites […]

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Bangladesh
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThough in theory a secular democracy, the government has frequently given into pressure from Islamist parties, and continues to threaten atheists and others on charges of “hurting religious sentiments”. As of 2013 it was estimated that 89.1% of the population were Muslim (the majority […]

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Barbados
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFA sovereign island country in the Lesser Antilles, Barbados is a parliamentary democracy of around 287,000 population, predominantly Christian (76%). Other religious groups, together constituting less than 3 percent of the population, include Muslims, Jews, Rastafarians, Hindus, Buddhists, and Baha’is. Approximately 21 percent of respondents do not […]

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Belarus
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFBelarus, a former soviet republic, attained independence in 1991. Belarus’ ties with Russia influence both its economic and political direction. President Lukashenko is often dubbed “Europe’s last dictator”. He has been in power since 1994. In August 2020, the largest protests in the country’s history […]

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Belgium
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFBelgium, a nation of 11.3 million, has a federal constitution with three levels of power. The Communities (French, Flemish, German), the Regions (Walloon, Flanders, Brussels) and the Federal State each have their own responsibilities, mandates and scope. It is believed that over 40% of […]

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Belize
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFLocated in the Caribbean, Belize is a former colony, which became independent from Britain in 1981. It is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. It recognizes Queen Elizabeth II as head of state, who is represented in the country by the position of the Governor-General.1http://www.caribbeanelections.com/bz/education/government_structure.asp According to […]

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Benin
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFBenin, despite being underdeveloped has been a stable democracy until democratic institutions were weakened in 2016, the country ranks 158 out of 188 countries on the Human Development Index scale for 2021.1http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/BEN Political freedom and judicial independence have faced major setbacks after Patrice Talon […]

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Bhutan
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFBhutan is a landlocked country bordered by China and India, with a small population of around 770,000. The difficult topography of Bhutan has kept it isolated from global influence. Having never been colonized, Bhutan has been relatively free to forge its own identity and […]

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Bolivia
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Plurinational State of Bolivia is a landlocked country and a democratic republic located in South America. In 2006, the assumption of power of the first indigenous president of Bolivia, Evo Morales, was followed by a review of the role of the Catholic church […]

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Bosnia and Herzegovina
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFBosnia and Herzegovina pronounced independence in 1992, though the Bosnian War lasted well into 1995. There is a three-member Presidency, and a bicameral legislature in place. Religious, ethnic, and national identity are interconnected in the country, the majority of the population makes no critical […]

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Botswana
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFWith an estimated population of 2.3 million, the Republic of Botswana is a landlocked country in southern Africa.1https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL?locations=BW Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, the country became the Republic of Botswana after independence in 1966 and remains a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. It […]

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Brazil
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Federative Republic of Brazil is a secular and democratic sovereign state in South America with a population of around 202 million. Often described as an emerging world power, it is the sixth largest country in the world by population and fifth by area, […]

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Bulgaria
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Republic of Bulgaria is a democratic sovereign state in southeastern Europe with a population of 7.5 million and bordered by Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, Greece, Turkey and the Black Sea. The Constitution guarantees “the life, dignity and rights of the individual and shall create […]

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Burkina Faso
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFRe-named in 1984 to Burkina Faso (“land of the upright/honest people”), the country gained independence from France in 1960. It is completely landlocked, surrounded by Mali and Niger to the North and Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire to the south. President Blaise Compaoré ruled the […]

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Burundi
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFSince 2015 major political turmoil has given rise to a crackdown on opposition, serious human rights violations, and a refugee crisis. ContentsConstitution and governmentNkurunziza: the “Eternal supreme guide” of the nationA turbulent relationship between the state and the Catholic ChurchEducation and children’s rightsFamily, community […]

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Cambodia
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFCambodia is a constitutional monarchy, with a Prime Minister who is head of government and a King who is head of state. Cambodia remains under the rule of Prime Minister Hun Sen (in power since 1985), following a military coup orchestrated by Hun Sen […]

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Cameroon
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Republic of Cameroon is, constitutionally, a democratic sovereign state in the west central Africa region, with a population of 23.1million. Densely populated cities in the south contrast strongly with sparsely populated rural areas in the north, touched recently by the insurgency of Boko […]

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Canada
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFCanada is a federal parliamentary democracy, extending north into the Arctic Ocean, and sharing the world’s longest land border with the United States. Despite what should be strong constitutional protections for freedom of thought and expression, significant religious privileges are in force, both nationally […]

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Cape Verde
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe former Portuguese colony of Cape Verde (or Cabo Verde) is comprised of 9 main islands off the west coast of Africa. Poor in natural resources, the Cape Verde islands have nevertheless won a reputation for achieving political and economic stability. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation […]

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Central African Republic
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFSince 2013, the Central African Republic (CAR) has been plagued by serious and violent sectarian conflict, constituting a civil war, including a military coup. Almost 80% of the country remains under the control of armed forces.1https://www.equaltimes.org/central-african-refugees-are#.YMCU6_lKg2w Sporadic outbreaks of violence, including in the wake […]

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Chad
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFA landlocked country sharing borders with Libya, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger, Chad’s geography, geopolitics and oil resources have contributed to cycles of violence and corruption. Since the death of President Idriss Déby on April 19, 2021, the country has been […]

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Chile
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFChile consists of several religious populations. Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion that coexists with Protestants, Evangelicals, other religious groups as well as a significant and growing proportion of the non-religious or religiously unaffiliated, which occasionally face discrimination. The Chilean Constitution assures freedom of […]

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China
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFChina, the world’s most populous country with about 1.3 billion inhabitants, has one of the fastest growing economies in the world. It has remained under Communist one-party rule since 1949, but has embraced capitalism in recent decades. Although now less extreme than in the […]

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Colombia
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Republic of Colombia is predominantly Christian and majority Roman Catholic. It has suffered a 52-year-long low intensity conflict between the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the government. Following the Peace Accords of 2016, conflict-related violence and abuses are reported to continue.1https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2020/country-chapters/colombia […]

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Comoros
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe archipelago island nation of Comoros lies off the east coast of Africa has a population of around 800,000, making it one of the lowest populated but most densely populated countries. Around 99% of the population are identified as Sunni Muslims. Following a referendum in […]

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Congo, Republic of the
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFA former part of the French colony of Equatorial Africa, independent since 1960, the Republic of Congo, or Congo-Brazzaville, borders its larger namesake the Democratic Republic of Congo to the east. It was formerly known as the People’s Republic of the Congo, a Marxist–Leninist […]

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Costa Rica
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFRoman Catholicism is the state religion of Costa Rica and its institutions permeate the national infrastructure. The percentage of the population that identifies as atheist, agnostic or without religion has slowly but steadily grown in recent years, from 8% in 2011 to 17% in 2018.1https://www.refworld.org/docid/502105cc69.html; […]

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Côte d’Ivoire
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFA presidential representative democratic republic, Côte d’Ivoire (or Ivory Coast) is a country located in West Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea. Ivory Coast counts almost 27 million inhabitants, roughly divided between Muslims (50%), mainly in the north, and Christians (41%), mainly in the […]

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Croatia
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFCroatia, officially the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Republika Hrvatska), is a unitary, indivisible democratic, social, and parliamentary constitutional republic. After Croatia formally declared its independence and dissolved its association with Yugoslavia in 1991, the Croatian War of Independence started. The war ended in 1995. […]

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Cuba
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe largest island country in the Caribbean, Cuba has a population of approximately 11 million. The Republic of Cuba is one of the world’s last remaining Communist states. There is no official state religion, however a majority of the population are Christian (58.9%). The […]

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Cyprus
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Republic of Cyprus is a sovereign island state in southeastern Europe. Situated in the Mediterranean Sea, it is located close to Turkey (north), Syria and Lebanon (east), Israel (south east), Egypt (south) and Greece (west). The Republic of Cyprus is a democracy that has […]

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Czech Republic
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Czech Republic, or Czechia, is one of the least religious countries in the world where – depending on the metrics – at least 60% of the population can be identified as irreligious and 37% as atheists. It is a constitutionally secular state. Beneath […]

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Denmark
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFDenmark is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. The Kingdom of Denmark encompasses Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands in the North Atlantic Ocean. ContentsConstitution and governmentState church privilegesRegistration of religious communitiesThe Faroe IslandsGreenlandEducation and children’s rightsEducation in the Faroe IslandsFamily, […]

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Djibouti
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFA semi-presidential republic, Djibouti is a small but strategically-located country on the horn of Africa. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation and children’s rightsFamily, community and societyFreedom of expression, advocacy of humanist values Constitution and government Although the constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of […]

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Dominica
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFDominica, officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is a parliamentary democracy located in the Caribbean. Dominica is the sole republic within the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS).1https://www.oecs.org/en/who-we-are/member-states It gained independence from Britain in 1978, however many of its laws and institutions still remain under […]

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Dominican Republic
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFA former Spanish colony, the Dominican Republic shares the island of Hispaniola with Haiti, a former French colony. According to most recent estimates (2017), approximately 28% of the population are non-religious, while 47.8% identify as Roman Catholic and 21.3% as Protestant.1https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/dominican-republic/#people-and-society ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation […]

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Ecuador
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFEcuador is a presidential democracy with a Constitution that declares Ecuador to be secular. The people are a patchwork of indigenous communities, including people of colonial Spanish origins. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation and children’s rightsFamily, community and societyLBGTI+ rightsIndigenous communitiesFreedom of expression, advocacy of humanist […]

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Egypt
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFA nation of 100 million people, an estimated 90% of whom follow Sunni Islam,1Egypt – The World Factbook (cia.gov) Egypt is a member of the League of Arab States (LAS), as well as the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). During the Arab Spring protests […]

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El Salvador
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFEl Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador, is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. Recent reforms prompted by the assumption of the presidency of President Bukele and the supermajority of his Nuevas Ideas government have sparked concern among […]

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Equatorial Guinea
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFFormerly a colony of Spanish Guinea, Equatorial Guinea is the only African country where Spanish is an official language. The discovery of oil has made the country the third richest in Africa in per capita income.1 https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2020/country-chapters/equatorial-guinea Since rising to power in a military […]

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Eritrea
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFEritrea is a one-man dictatorship under President Isaias Afewerki. There has not been an election in Eritrea since independence in 1993. Afewerki has long used the ongoing war with Ethiopia to justify rampant authoritarianism, human rights abuses and civil society restrictions. However, the July […]

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Estonia
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFSince gaining independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Estonia has developed a stable, functioning democracy and performs well across international measures of fundamental freedoms. Eurobarometer polls consistently place Estonia as one of Europe’s least religious countries. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation and children’s rightsFamily, community […]

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Ethiopia
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia stipulates that the country is secular, and guarantees the freedom of religion, belief and opinion and the right to freedom of expression.1https://www.wipo.int/edocs/lexdocs/laws/en/et/et007en.pdf About 43% of the population is Orthodox Christian, one third are Muslim, and […]

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Fiji
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFFiji’s major religion is Christianity, followed by Hinduism, and a small percentage of Muslims and other religious minorities.1https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fj.html The Christian-Hindu divide is a cause of religious tensions. Religious affiliation broadly follows ethnic lines: most indigenous Fijian citizens – the iTaukei, who constitute approximately 57% of […]

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Finland
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Republic of Finland is a Nordic country with a population of just less than 5.5 million people.  Finland was once part of Sweden and then the Russian Empire until it declared independence in 1917 in the aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution. The country […]

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France
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFIn France, the dominant religion is Catholicism but the state is strongly secular. Freedom of religion is supported but its importance is secondary to the freedom and rights of all citizens and public order and morality. France suffered two horrendous terrorist attacks in 2015, […]

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Gabon
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Gabonese Republic is a presidential republic, with a population of around 1.5 million people. It gained independence from France in 1960, and has had only three presidents in the intervening years. However, a multi-party system under a democratic Constitution is now in place. […]

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Gambia
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFSurrounded by Senegal, apart from a short strip of Atlantic coastline at its western end, Gambia is the smallest country on mainland Africa. As of July 2021, Gambia’s population encompasses about 2.2 million people, while according to 2013 data, 95.7% of this population identifies […]

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Georgia
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFA former Soviet republic which declared its independence in 1991, Georgia is today a representative democratic semi-presidential republic, lying at the intersection of Europe and Asia. The northern regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia have declared independence from Georgia, though there is little international […]

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Germany
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFGermany, a federal parliamentary republic and a nation of 83.2 million, has a federal constitution and consists of 16 constituent states. ContentsConstitution and governmentGeneral systemic issuesEstablishment of religionChurch taxEducation and children’s rightsFamily, community and societyDemographyPublic servicesOther religious privilegesFreedom of expression, advocacy of humanist values“Blasphemy”Lack […]

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Ghana
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFGhana is a West-African parliamentary democracy with a multi-party political system that is largely dominated by two parties — the National Democratic Congress (NDC) and the New Patriotic Party (NPP). Ghana gained independence from Britain in 1957.1https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/ghana/#government According to the latest census data (collected […]

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Greece
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFGreece is a unitary parliamentary republic on the edge of the Balkan Peninsula, often regarded as the birthplace of democracy in Europe and a catalyst to western civilisation. The country has seen steady economic, social and legal changes in recent years with leftist government […]

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Grenada
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFGrenada is a country consisting of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. After centuries of colonial rule under France and subsequently Britain, Grenada became a fully independent state in February 1974. […]

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Guatemala
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFGuatemala, with Mexico on its Northern boundary, is in a pivotal position in Central America. It was the scene of a 36-year guerrilla war until 1996, a peace agreement was signed by the government that finally put an end to the internal conflict. Guatemala […]

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Guinea
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFGuinea is a former French colony in Western Africa, today it is a multi-party presidential republic following years of one-party control and military coups. It is ruled by President Alpha Condé, contentiously re-elected for a third mandate in 2020. An estimated 85% of the […]

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Guinea-Bissau
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFGuinea-Bissau is a former Portuguese colony in West Africa which has a multi-party presidential republic.1https://www.state.gov/reports/2020-country-reports-on-human-rights-practices/guinea-bissau/ The population is estimated to be 1.9 million as of 2020.2https://www.state.gov/reports/2020-country-reports-on-human-rights-practices/guinea-bissau/ The country has been experiencing political instability in the last decade,3https://freedomhouse.org/country/guinea-bissau/freedom-world/2021; https://www.state.gov/reports/2020-country-reports-on-human-rights-practices/guinea-bissau/ but civil liberties have gradually improved […]

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Guyana
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Co-operative Republic of Guyana is a sovereign state on the Caribbean coast of South America. A former British colony, Guyana gained independence in 1966, however, Christian-Anglican inspired morals imposed during the colonial period continue to influence Guyanese society today and Christianity is afforded […]

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Haiti
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFA multi-party, semi-presidential republic, the island of Haiti gained independence in 1804, making it the first modern independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean. Haiti is predominantly a Christian country, with the largest denomination being Roman Catholicism. Many Haitians (regardless of religious affiliation) […]

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Honduras
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Republic of Honduras, historical home to Mesoamerican cultures including the Maya, was conquered by Spain in the sixteenth century who imported Roman Catholicism which has been predominant culturally ever since. Honduras’ multi-party system has been turbulent and wracked with controversy. A long history of […]

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Hungary
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFHungary is often said to be pulled culturally, socially and politically between “East” and “West”. Hungary’s modern constitutional parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1989, following a long history of varying authoritarian regimes including 40 years of communist dictatorship. In the first 20 years, democratic […]

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Iceland
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFLocated in the North Atlantic, Iceland is the most sparsely populated country in Europe. It has a multi-party parliamentary system and was one of the worst affected countries during the 2008 Global Financial Crisis with the collapse of its banking system. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation […]

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India
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFIndia is the world’s most populous democracy, religiously pluralistic, and for many years proud, in the main, of its secular Constitution. Since the passage of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act in December 2019, sweeping protests and counter protests have turned increasingly violent, with the vast majority of victims […]

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Indonesia
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFIndonesia, the world’s third-largest democracy, has in the past had a relatively good reputation for plural religious identity united under a monotheistic state ideology, however, this reputation was largely in decline during the term (2004-2014) of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (“SBY”). Under president Joko […]

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Iran
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFIran, the second largest nation in the Middle East, has a population of more than 80 million, of which (on paper at least) 99% are identified as Muslim. The Muslim majority includes a Shia majority (90%) and 9% Sunni Muslims (Turkmen, Arabs, Baluchis and […]

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Iraq
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFIraq is surrounded by Saudi-Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, Iran and Kuwait, and has been at the centre and conflux of events not just in the region but worldwide for decades. Iraq is a member of the League of Arab States (LAS), as well as […]

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Ireland
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFIreland is a Republic of about 4.9 million people. It covers about five-sixths of the geographical island of Ireland. In 1922 it achieved de facto independence from the UK, and became the mostly-Catholic Irish Free State. The rest of the island remained within the […]

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Israel
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFIsrael has a population of around 8.7 million people. Those identifying as Jews represent an estimated 75% of the population, while 17.8% identify as Muslims. Smaller religious minorities are Druze (1.6%), Christians (2%), Baha’is, Samaritans, Karaites and Jehovah’s Witnesses.1https://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/israel-population Established as a homeland for […]

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Italy
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFA limb of southern Europe stretching out into the Mediterranean, Italy is a nation whose Roman past penetrates deeply into European cultural history, and whose  Renaissance prefigured the modern humanist movement. Despite this, the Catholic Church remains a predominant force in the country today. […]

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Jamaica
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFJamaica is a small island nation in the Caribbean of around 2.8 million people. Where once 98% of the population ascribed to a Christian denomination, this figure has now reduced to 60% of the population is Christian. There are significant populations of religious minorities, […]

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Japan
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFJapan is an island nation of 126 million inhabitants, located in the Pacific Ocean, east of China. It is a constitutional parliamentary monarchy and a major economic power. At least 69% of the population is reported to practice Shintoism and/or Buddhism. A further 1.5% of […]

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Jordan
Const/Govt Edu/Child Society/Comm Expression

Download this country entry as a PDFThe Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a sovereign state with a constitutional monarchy in western Asia with a population of approximately 7.9 million. More than 90% of citizens are Sunni Muslims and there are small communities of Christians, Shiites, Baha’i and Druzes. Jordan significantly […]

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Kazakhstan
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Download this country entry as a PDFKazakhstan is the largest state in Central Asia. It is a member state of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). President Nursultan Nazarbayev ruled the country from 1990 to 19 March 2019, when he announced his surprise resignation following a deepening economic crisis in […]

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Kenya
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe Republic of Kenya is situated between Somalia and Uganda. The population is largely Christian (85.5%), with a large Muslim minority (10.9%), with other religious minorities making up the rest of the population.1https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ke.html Kenya is home to more than 498,000 refugees, the majority of […]

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Kiribati
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Download this country entry as a PDFKiribati (officially pronounced Kiribas) is a presidential republic, which gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1979 and joined the United Nations as a full member in 1999. The majority of the population live on the largest island, Tarawa, but overpopulation is causing problems. […]

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Korea, Republic of
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe Republic of Korea (“South Korea”) generally protects and, in practice, respects freedom of religion, but there remain some religious privileges in place that are unavailable to the non-religious. In addition, conscientious objectors continue to be incarcerated by the government and “non-ethnic” Koreans face […]

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Kosovo
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Download this country entry as a PDFKosovo is a multi-party democratic republic bordered by the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Albania, Montenegro and Serbia. Kosovo became a UN protectorate following the Kosovo War of 1999 with prolonged tensions and violence between its Albanian and Serb populations. Kosovo declared independence from […]

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Kuwait
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Download this country entry as a PDFKuwait is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliamentary system. When taken in comparison with other countries in its region, Kuwait generally ranks well in terms of civil liberties, press freedom and judicial independence. Nevertheless, the past few years have seen a notable crack-down […]

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Kyrgyzstan
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Download this country entry as a PDFFor 75 years under the Soviet system, the Kyrgyz Republic was officially a secular state. Experiencing ethnic tensions, political and economic woes since independence, Kyrgyzstan is a parliamentary republic. The population of Kyrgyzstan is estimated at 6.6 million as of 2021.1National Statistical Committee of […]

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Laos
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Download this country entry as a PDFLao People’s Democratic Republic is a landlocked country, bordering Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam and China. The state gained independence from France in 1953 and is one of the few remaining one-party socialist states with a fast-growing economy1https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/la.html. However, it is estimated that a third of the […]

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Latvia
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Download this country entry as a PDFLatvia is a parliamentary republic, and member of the European Union, with close likes to Estonia and Lithuania.  It has a substantial Russian-speaking population. It has a population of 1.9 million, 31% of whom are unaffiliated with any religious group. The largest religious group, […]

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Lebanon
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe Lebanese Republic has a population of 6.8 million people,1https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL?locations=LB. Lebanon is host to a large refugee population including 1.5 million Syrians, and 200,000 Palestinians.2https://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr-lebanon-factsheet-january-2020#:~:text=More%20than%20eight%20years%20into,are%20present%20in%20the%20country. The country’s history has been marked by sectarian tensions between its numerous and diverse ethnic and religious groups which came […]

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Lesotho
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Download this country entry as a PDFCompletely enclosed within South Africa, but separated from it by its mountain ranges, the Kingdom of Lesotho is a small democracy, with a population of around 2 million.1https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/lesotho-population/ Since gaining independence from Great Britain in 1966, Lesotho has seen decades of poverty, economic crises and […]

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Liberia
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Download this country entry as a PDFLiberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is located on the West African coast, most of the country is covered by dense tropical forests. Liberia was the only colony founded by the United States of America, and the Liberian flag is influenced by this inheritance. […]

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Libya
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Download this country entry as a PDFLibya is a North African country of an estimated 6.9 million inhabitants, of which 90-95% are Sunni Muslims.1https://www.state.gov/reports/2019-report-on-international-religious-freedom/libya/ The Amazigh ethnic minority counts some Ibadi Muslims and there are small Christian communities among sub-Saharan African and Egyptian migrants. Libya is the fourth largest African […]

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Liechtenstein
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Download this country entry as a PDFLiechtenstein is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament, landlocked between Switzerland and Austria. The estimated population is 38,200 in 2021.1https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/liechtenstein-population/#:~:text=The%20current%20population%20of%20Liechtenstein,of%20the%20total%20world%20population According to the 2015 census, 73.4% of the population of Liechtenstein is Catholic, 6.3% is Protestant and 5.9% is Muslim.2state.gov/documents/organization/281170.pdf World Atlas records […]

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Lithuania
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Download this country entry as a PDFLithuania, a country in north-eastern Europe, is a parliamentary representative democratic republic with a multi-party system. In March 1990, it declared independence from the Soviet Union.1https://www.britannica.com/place/Lithuania/Independence-restored The country is a member of the EU, and NATO. According to a population census conducted in 2011, […]

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Luxembourg
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Download this country entry as a PDFLuxembourg has no state religion, although the dominant religion is Roman Catholicism. The Constitution allows freedom of religious belief and practice in general, but grants privileges to certain religious groups. ContentsConstitution and governmentDemographyEducation and children’s rightsFreedom of expression, advocacy of humanist values Constitution and […]

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Macedonia
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Download this country entry as a PDFLying in the center of the Balkan Peninsula, Macedonia is a parliamentary democracy, and an independent state since 1991 (previously being part of Yugoslavia). The country has a multi-party democratic system, and is officially is a secular state. The Republic of Macedonia has been […]

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Madagascar
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Download this country entry as a PDFA former French colony, Madagascar, a country with a population of about 28 million, is a religiously pluralistic country.1https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL?locations=MG According to the most recent national census, in 1993, 52% of the population are adherents of indigenous religions and Christians make up 41% of the […]

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Malawi
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Download this country entry as a PDFMalawi is a landlocked state in southern central Africa, a former British colony, with an estimated population of 17.5 million people, from several tribal groupings.1https://malawi.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/resource-pdf/2018%20Malawi%20Population%20and%20Housing%20Census%20Main%20Report%20%281%29.pdf Constitutionally, it has been a multi-party democracy since 1994. According to the 2018 Malawi Population and Housing Census, 67.4% […]

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Malaysia
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Download this country entry as a PDFMalaysia is a federal, multi-territory constitutional monarchy, split across two land masses: Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia. There is a degree of freedom of religion or belief among the significant non-Muslim religious minorities including Christians, Buddhists and Hindus. However, rising attention on the small […]

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Maldives
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Download this country entry as a PDFThough most famous internationally as a popular tourist destination, the Maldives has been described as undergoing a battle between liberal and literal interpretations of Islam, with serious human rights violations linked to fundamentalists, and attacks on perceived atheists and homosexuals in recent years. ContentsConstitution […]

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Mali
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe Republic of Mali is a landlocked sovereign state in western Africa with a constitutional democracy and a population of approximately 14.5 million. Mali began a political transition away from authoritarianism in the early 1990s and many of the country’s institutions gradually began to […]

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Malta
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Download this country entry as a PDFMalta is a small, densely-populated island nation of 450,000 inhabitants, located in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. It is a parliamentary republic and member state of the European Union. Despite opposition from the Catholic Church, which remains hugely influential, Malta has seen significant […]

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Mauritania
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Download this country entry as a PDFMauritania bridges the Arab Maghreb and western sub-Saharan Africa. Mauritanian society is rigidly caste-based. The Beidane, who are of Arab-Berber origin, are politically and socially dominant, while the Haratine remain the most economically and politically marginalized group1https://www.upr-info.org/sites/default/files/document/mauritania/session_23_-_november_2015/unpo_upr23_mrt_e_main.pdf. Many Haratine in Mauritania are enslaved, and […]

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Mauritius
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe volcanic, island nation of Mauritius is a former British Colony, obtaining independence in 1968. In 1991, when the country became a Republic, a President designated by the National Assembly replaced the Governor General, who had previously represented the Queen of the United Kingdom, the […]

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Mexico
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Download this country entry as a PDFMexico, a federal republic with a population of 126 million inhabitants, is the largest Spanish-speaking country in the world. According to the 2020 census, approximately 78% of the population identify as Roman Catholic, a further 11% as Protestant or Evangelical Christian, and 0.2% as […]

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Micronesia
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe Federated States of Micronesia is a nation made up of hundreds of islands which are ruled by a parliamentary republic without established political parties. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation and children’s rightsFamily, community and societyFreedom of expression, advocacy of humanist values Constitution and government The […]

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Moldova
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Download this country entry as a PDFWith a population of just over four million, Moldova is a parliamentary republic nestled between Romania and Ukraine. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation and children’s rightsFamily, community and society LGBTI+ RightsSpreading of anti-science conspiracy theories and misinformationFreedom of expression, advocacy of humanist values“Blasphemy” laws Constitution and government […]

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Monaco
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Download this country entry as a PDFMonaco, officially known as Principality of Monaco, is a sovereign city-state located along the Mediterranean French Riviera. The city of Nice in France lies 9 miles (15 km) to the West, and the Italian border 5 miles (8 km) to the East. With an […]

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Mongolia
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Download this country entry as a PDFMongolia is a country in East Asia, bordered by Russia and China. In 1990, Mongolia abandoned its 70-year-old Soviet-style one-party state and embraced constitutional, political and economic reforms. In 1992, the first elected government of Mongolia adopted a new Constitution, cementing its aspiration to […]

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Montenegro
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Download this country entry as a PDFMontenegro is – in terms of both its size and population – one of the smallest European states. After the collapse of the Yugoslav federation in 1989,1https://history.state.gov/countries/montenegro Montenegro remained a part of a smaller Federal Republic of Yugoslavia but voted in a referendum of […]

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Morocco
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Download this country entry as a PDFMorocco, officially the Kingdom of Morocco, is a country with over 33 million inhabitants, of which 99% are identified as Sunni Muslims, with a small number of Christians, Jews, Shiites, and Baha’is. Judaism is privileged over other religious minorities. Morocco is separated by only […]

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Mozambique
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Download this country entry as a PDFWith a workforce approximately 80% involved in agriculture, and a predominantly Christian population with a sizable Muslim minority, about half of Mozambican people speak Portuguese, the country’s only official language. Mozambique has been negotiating the emergence of democracy following the protracted civil war (1977-1992). […]

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Myanmar (Burma)
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe country was officially renamed Myanmar by the military regime in 1989, though this remains controversial with many ethnic minorities and activist groups that use its former name of Burma. A gradual democratization process led the civilian National League for Democracy and its leader […]

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Namibia
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe Republic of Namibia is a democratic and secular sovereign state with a population of approximately 2.6 million. Approximately 80% are reportedly Christian, with the remaining 10-20% holding traditional indigenous beliefs while a small minority of around 1-3% are said to be Muslim.1https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/wa.html The […]

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Nauru
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Download this country entry as a PDFNauru is an island republic with a unicameral parliament and no political parties, with politicians usually standing on independent platforms. With a population of around 10,000, the island is the smallest republic in the world. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation and children’s rightsFamily, community and societyFreedom […]

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Nepal
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Download this country entry as a PDFPrior to a civil war between Maoist rebels and the government in 2006, the country was officially a Hindu state. In 2008, Nepal became a secular democratic republic. The new constitution as of 2015 retains “secularism” but places restrictions on freedom of religion or […]

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Netherlands
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe Netherlands is a democratic, constitutional monarchy in Western Europe, generally recognised as a liberal country that formally has an even-handed policy towards religious and non-religious views. As of 2017, the largest belief group in the Netherlands were the non-religious, accounting for 50.7% of […]

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New Zealand
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Download this country entry as a PDFNew Zealand consists of two main islands and other outlying smaller islands. It has a population of approximately 5 million (as estimated in March 2020) and has a democratic, parliamentary government. The larger Realm of New Zealand includes the democratic self-governing Associated States: the […]

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Nicaragua
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Download this country entry as a PDFNicaragua is the largest country in Central America by area, but its population density is relatively low. Nicaragua was first settled by the Spanish in 1522; it gained independence in 1838. It is majority Catholic (approximately 58.5%), however there is a growing evangelical Protestant […]

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Niger
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Download this country entry as a PDFNiger, is a landlocked country found in West Africa, which became independent from France in 1960. It is a unitary semi presidential republic. It provides minimal government services, and is often debilitated by droughts. Niger has now ranked 189 out of 189 countries for […]

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Nigeria
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Download this country entry as a PDFIn Nigeria, approximately half of the population are Muslims, about 40 percent are Christians, and roughly 10 percent are of traditional indigenous religions or no religion. While the Constitution guarantees religious freedom, the state endorses numerous anti-secular and theocratic policies. The government and non-state […]

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North Korea
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe so-called “Democratic People’s Republic of Korea” or “DPRK” is often recognised as the world’s most isolated state; a fascistic, total suppressor of basic human rights and freedoms, subverting all social, civic and political life to the maintenance of pervasive (but ultimately fragile) illusions […]

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Norway
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Download this country entry as a PDFNorway is a constitutional parliamentary monarchy of about five million inhabitants, bordering its Nordic neighbors Sweden and Finland, as well as Russia. Norway is rated as having the highest Human Development Index (HDI) in the world, according to the most recent data published in […]

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Oman
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe Sultanate of Oman is an absolute monarchy with a population of 3.2 million people, of which only 55% are citizens. 75% of the citizens are Ibadi Muslims, a branch distinct from both Shia and Sunni Islam. There is a 5% Shia minority and […]

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Pakistan
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Download this country entry as a PDFPakistan is approximately 97% Muslim and the remaining 3% of the population are Christian, Hindu, Buddhists or others.1https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pk.html The country has suffered chronic sectarian violence against religious and non-religious minorities, with Shia Muslims subjected to the majority of the violence, and many extremely serious incidents […]

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Palau
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Download this country entry as a PDFPalau, part of a former United Nations Trust territory, became independent in 1994. A population of 20,600 people inhabit an archipelago of volcanic and coral islands. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation and children’s rightsFamily, community and societyFreedom of expression advocacy of humanist values Constitution and government […]

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Palestine
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Download this country entry as a PDFPalestine has a tumultuous history and disputed territorial boundaries. The region holds a population of approximately 4 million, of which the vast majority are Sunni Muslim. There are small communities of Christians and Jews. In the Israeli-Palestinian conflict religion and ethnicity are often closely […]

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Panama
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Download this country entry as a PDFPanama is situated on the isthmus connecting Central America and South America. The country obtained its independence from Spain in 1821 and from Colombia in 1903. Panama is a unitary state and a presidential representative democratic republic. It has an elected two-chamber Congress and […]

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Papua New Guinea
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Download this country entry as a PDFPapua New Guinea (PNG) is located on the eastern half of the island of New Guinea. The country was divided between Germany and the UK in 1885 and became independent in 1976.1https://www.rnz.co.nz/collections/u/new-flags-flying/nff-png/about-png#:~:text=Papua%20and%20New%20Guinea%20used,the%20southern%20regions%20%27Papua%27. PNG has a functioning democracy. Elections are regularly held despite some irregularities […]

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Paraguay
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Download this country entry as a PDFParaguay is a presidential republic with a population of 7 million that borders Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil.1https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL?locations=PY It is also home to 19 indigenous communities.2https://www.iwgia.org/en/paraguay.html According to the most recent census to capture the religious demography of the country (2002), 89% of the population […]

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Peru
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Download this country entry as a PDFPeru is a country in South America, which obtained its independence from Spain in 1821. Peru is a unitary state and a presidential representative democratic republic. It has an elected two-chamber Congress and an elected president acting as head of state. According to the […]

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Philippines
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe Philippines is an archipelago of 7,641 islands, of which seven host the majority of the 109 million population, the second largest population of countries in the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations).1https://www.worldometers.info/demographics/philippines-demographics/ Spanish and US influences remain strong, especially in terms of religion […]

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Poland
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe Roman Catholic Church is the largest religious organization in Poland and maintains considerable influence in social and political life. In 1993, it was granted special recognition by the Polish state as per a Concordat with the Holy See. Recent developments have seen new […]

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Portugal
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Download this country entry as a PDFPortugal is a constitutional republic, with a president and prime minister in executive roles, and multi-party elections. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation and children’s rightsFemale genital mutilationFamily, community, society, religious courts and tribunalsFreedom of expression, advocacy of humanist valuesBlasphemy lawDefamation Constitution and government The Constitution1https://dre.pt/constitution-of-the-portuguese-republic and […]

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Qatar
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Download this country entry as a PDFQatar is an oil-rich nation on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It has been ruled by an absolute monarch since its independence in 1971.1https://history.state.gov/countries/qatar The Emir holds all executive and legislative powers. Qatar’s population is approximately 2.4 million, only 12% of which […]

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Romania
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Download this country entry as a PDFRomania is a semi-presidential republic with a multi-party system, a member of the EU and NATO. ContentsConstitution and governmentReligious privilegeChallenging church-state relationsEducation and children’s rightsIntolerance in schoolsPresumed consent for religious instructionFamily, community and society“Traditional family” as a challenge to individual liberties ‘Homophobic’ referendumFreedom of expression, advocacy […]

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Russia
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe Russian Federation is the world’s largest country by land area. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, beset by corruption and cronyism, Russia has struggled in efforts to build a new democratic political system and market economy. This country is found […]

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Rwanda
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe Republic of Rwanda is a small country in Central East Africa bordering Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It’s mainly rural population is over 12 million giving the country the highest population density on mainland Africa.1https://data.worldbank.org/country/RW Rwanda’s recent history […]

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Saint Kitts and Nevis
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Download this country entry as a PDFSaint Kitts and Nevis, also known as The Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis, is a two-island nation in the Caribbean which maintains a multi-party parliamentary democracy political system under a constitutional monarchy. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation and children’s rightsFamily, community and societyFreedom of expression, […]

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Saint Lucia
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Download this country entry as a PDFSaint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea which maintains a multi-party parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy. A former French and, subsequently, British colony, Saint Lucia remains a member of the Commonwealth, and a member state of the Organization of […]

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Samoa
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Download this country entry as a PDFSamoa is a very small Oceanian country of about 200 thousand inhabitants, which maintains a single-party parliamentary democracy. Religious freedom issues persist regarding education and other matters, even though the constitution guarantees religious freedom. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation and children’s rightsFamily, community and society Constitution […]

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San Marino
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Download this country entry as a PDFSan Marino is a microstate encircled by Italy, and in proportion to its population is the world’s most Catholic country. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation and children’s rightsFreedom of expression, advocacy of humanist values‘Blasphemy’ law Constitution and government San Marino has no state religion and enshrines […]

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São Tomé and Príncipe
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Download this country entry as a PDFIn the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa, the island is a former Portuguese colony, which gained independence in 1975. The new president, elected in 2011 promised to focus on ensuring political stability and ending corruption. The recent discovery […]

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Saudi Arabia
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is an Islamic state governed by an absolute monarchy in tandem with a powerful religious elite. From 2014 to 2017 Saudi anti-terror law defined “the promotion of atheist thought” as an act of terrorism, and the 2017 anti-terror law […]

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Senegal
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Download this country entry as a PDFA constitutionally secular state, Senegal gained independence from France in 1960. French remains the official language. The population of around 13 million is predominantly Sufi Muslim. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation and children’s rightsFamily, community and societyFreedom of expression, advocacy of humanist values Constitution and government […]

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Serbia
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Download this country entry as a PDFSerbia generally respects human rights and the freedom of religion following the implementation of its new constitution in 2006. The vast majority of the population, 85%, is Christian Orthodox, and 94% of people belong to one of the seven ‘traditional’ religions recognised by the […]

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Seychelles
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Download this country entry as a PDFThe Republic of Seychelles, an archipelago off the east coast of Africa, has the smallest population of any African nation. ContentsConstitution and governmentEducation and children’s rightsFreedom of expression, advocacy of humanist valuesReligious broadcasting Constitution and government The constitution and other laws protect freedom of […]

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Sierra Leone
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Download this country entry as a PDFPredominantly Muslim, with an influential Christian minority, Sierra Leone’s religious practices tend to be syncretic and mixed with traditional belief. The state is secular, and regarded as one of the most religiously tolerant in the world. Muslims and Christians collaborate and interact with each […]

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Singapore
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Download this country entry as a PDFSingapore is a city-state of 5.7 million inhabitants.1https://www.singstat.gov.sg/modules/infographics/population Known for its rich cultural diversity, the island nation is considered to be among the most religiously diverse nation in the world.2https://www.pewforum.org/2014/04/04/global-religious-diversity/ Singapore became an independent and sovereign state in 1965, after leaving the Federation of Malaysia, […]